Georg Grosz, “The Sunny Land”

Periods of prosperity make people confident and proud – they start to allow themselves too much, feel invincible and here the periods of austerity are ready to follow. Then people become infuriated and aggressive – during prosperity they felt themselves as the centers of the world, but austerity puts them into humiliation. Fascization of population is often the consequence, when people start to look for scapegoats – foreigners, emigrants, national minorities, liberals, people with humanistic education (whom the uneducated people are prone to see as arrogant) and always the “lazy poor people” – those who cannot protect themselves with armor of self-respect. During the fascization the wealthy and the politicians dependent on them take active leadership to create militant groups to intimidate and squeeze the population even more.

John Heartfield, “Metal Prosperity”

The topic of this caricature is based on Heartfield’s reaction on the Fuhrer’s call on German people to help the German army to equip itself with quantity of the metal which can make Germany to build the strongest military force in the world. Hitler expected from Germans to cut spending on their life for the sake of investing money into the glory of the Third Reich. So, Heartfeld’s hyperbolic joke is that according to Hitler the really patriotic German citizens should learn how to eat metal instead of food – how to identify with military technology – (how to turn into bombers, tanks and cannons).

Georg Grosz, “Hunger”

Hunger makes this poor family unable to turn away, they’re glued to the shop window of a food store. Father, mother and child will be standing here until they will not be chase away by the store clerk or police. They will not beg for food – they already know that it’s pointless. Prosperous Germany was dreaming of global domination, not the hungry.

Georg Grosz, “Doomed”

Grosz made this drawing in the style of Kathe Kollwitz. The doctor still investigates the lungs of the boy to postpone naming the truth that his tuberculosis is in an advanced phase, while the mother of the sick boy already understands her son‘s fatal condition. Only he himself doesn’t know that he is doomed and doesn’t understand why his mother is so sad (“Is she sick?”)

Georg Grosz, “Interrogation with Torture”

The point of interrogation with torture is not to get the truth (the tortured either doesn’t know or fabricates it or invents it in order to stop the pain at least for a few moments). The people in charge know this although profusely lie about the supreme effectiveness of torture. The real point of interrogation is to train the interrogators-torturers in domination and toughness and frighten the arrested ones to the point that they’ll never ever even get the idea to contradict the opinions of those in charge. The real goal of interrogation with torture (IWT) is to make the population fearful, panicky and ultimately conformist.

Georg Grosz, “Forced Feeding as Torture”

Caricature as a Grosz’s preferable genre has transformed here into tragic and surreal caricature – something like a sarcasm through tears or a combination of mocking perverted reality and simultaneously weeping about human condition.

Georg Grosz, “Post-war idyll” (1930)

Here, we see at the table the immortal global race of philistines knowing how to survive through any war, any environmental disaster and any dictatorship

Georg Grosz, “After and Before War”

The young recruits are warming up for future wars – heroic battles, noble passionate hate, irresistible glory of self-sacrifice and heroism. They learn to compete with other recruits of the same or other countries and nationalities. They learn the feeling that victory opens the sky and defeat closes the world into a cave. And they’re ready for both equally because what they basically learn in training is the not the importance of victory or defeat but personal self-sacrificial heroism with its reward/gift – equality of life and immortality.